Feodosia Industrial Park
Creation of special-purpose industrial sites – industrial parks (IP) is one of the most efficient tools in the industrial policy. Development of IP is the most attractive form of government incentives for industry development allowing working out key methods of support for small and medium-sized business and investment attracting.
It is planned to create Feodosia Industrial Park on the area of 122.37 ha. The land plot is situated in the territory of the Feodosia City District, 2.5 km to the north-west of Nasypnoye village. On the south-west, the plot is adjacent to motorway R-23 "Simferopol-Kerch", from which the main entrance to the territory of the industrial park through the checkpoint is executed.
Republic of Crimea
The site planned for construction is undeveloped and clear of forests. The subject of the public property rights is the Ministry of Property and Land Relations of the Republic of Crimea, for the period of IP design and construction – Ministry of Economic Development of the Republic of Crimea.
The industrial park is created for sustainable social and economic development of the region through formation of modern production sites, which are attractive for investors and residents willing to start a business and develop competitive production. The industrial park is formed to increase investment attractiveness of the region – it is the industrial area on which all engineering and transport infrastructure essential for business development is created and sought-after services – logistics, consulting, and organizational – are also provided.
The basis for IP implementation includes minimal infrastructural and engineering restrictions, good logistics, minimal legal risks, and human resources.
Feodosia Transportation Hub located on the east of Crimea between Kerch Seaport and Simferopol is one of milestones of car and railway traffic in the Republic of Crimea from Russia. From Feodosia motorways are spread out in various directions: to the north (Dzhankoy), to the south and south-west (Koktebel and the south coast of Crimea) and to the west (Simferopol).
After imposition of sanctions and deterioration of the situation on the border with Ukraine, Feodosia plays a special role in the Crimean cargo traffic, being the intersection of all transport corridors between Crimea and Russia.
Feodosia may be considered a full-fledged transportation hub, which in 2014 demonstrated an increase in cargo turnover by 250% against 2013. An increase in the traffic flow from mainland Russia creates prerequisites for development of the transport infrastructure and creation of logistics centers. Feodosia is a milestone in the logistics corridor, which will be strengthened by the construction of the federal motorway "Kerch–Feodosia–Belogorsk–Simferopol–Bakhchisarai–Sevastopol" not far from the IP land plot. It is an optimal location for a logistics park and (or) a wholesale distribution center (on the motorway Kerch–Simferopol, Kerch–Yalta), at the intersection of the most busy motorways.
The remoteness of the area under consideration from the residential development area allows for arrangement of sanitary zones up to 500 meters.
The design provides for general improvement and landscaping of the area along all roads and passageways with due consideration of transport and utility lines.
General improvement of the IP site involves placement of an administrative and amenity building, checkpoint, sewage treatment plant for household and storm discharge, water-supply and sewage facilities, bus stop shelter, parking space for 60 car-places, parking space for truck transport for 120 car-places, service ramp for truck transport, gas distribution points, drinking-household and fire water supply tanks with pumping houses, and modular transformer substation.
According to the design, there are three access points for transportation vehicles into the IP territory. The main entrance is from local motorway R-23, two additional entrances – on the west side of the plot.
Industry specialization of Feodosia Industrial Park:
- wholesale/retail and logistics center
- polymer product development
- manufacturing of rigid and polymer packaging
- fruit processing and storage production
- transport and logistics center for storage of vegetables and fruit
- ice-cream production plant.
The IP design anticipates the following resource consumption
(max 15.5 m3/hour)
The labor market analysis suggests availability of unused human resources. So, as of 01.01.2013 the number of people employed in all areas of economic activities is 39.7 thousand people or 66% of the total number of able-bodied population in the region (60.1 thousand people).
Creation of the Industrial Park is considered as one of the tools to promote the economic activity in the region targeted primarily for projects of small and medium-sized business to ensure:
- rise in the investment appeal and inflow of investments;
- simplification of a procedure for access to land plots;
- low administrative risks;
- provision of certain incentives and preferences;
- output cost reduction through effective logistics;
- creation of high-performance jobs;
- rise in tax revenues to budgets of all levels;
- overall economic growth.
At the moment the whole range of engineering surveys on the site has been completed; the design and estimate documentation has been prepared and approved; it has undergone state examination and received positive opinions.
The scheduled time for the facility's placement into operation – December 2020.
The amount of capital investments from the budget system of the Russian Federation, prescribed under Federal Target Program "Social and Economic Development of the Republic of Crimea for the Period up to 2020" is RUB 1,753.4 million
Following the project implementation, in the 10th year of operation the created industrial undertakings and service enterprises are expected to provide:
The payback period on budget expenditures for IP development is 4.36 years. Annual additional tax revenues exceed total initial budget expenditures. All of this characterizes the project under consideration as a good investment of budget resources.