Snow grasp: how the force of nature will affect the grape harvest in the Crimea
The snowfall that hit the Crimea protected the vineyards from freezing, and increased the moisture in the soil. How else did the frosts affect the future harvest, told the agronomists of the «Koktebel» Vintage Wine Factory» LLC.
The winter of 2020-2021 in the Crimea turned out to be quite difficult due to sharp changes in air temperatures - from positive to negative and vice versa. Moreover, for winegrowers-heavy snowfall, which covered the vineyards in many areas of the Crimea with a fairly dense snow cover. However, experts of «Koktebel» say while possible damage to the grape bushes.
Experts note that given the height of the snow cover 10-25 cm in some areas of the peninsula, the soils of vineyards will receive a significant increase in the accumulation of moisture, and winegrowers will get an increase in yield.
Agronomists clarified that in order to get high yields of grapes every year, it is necessary to protect grape plants from adverse environmental conditions, in particular, from icing and low temperatures. Covering the ground is the easiest way to protect yourself. Another one is a dry shelter, when improvised means are used film, shields, slate. The third method is the application of a protective coating: antifreeze solutions, complex clay compositions.
In general, the ability of grapes to withstand adverse winter conditions is achieved through a number of agricultural techniques.
In Crimea, grapes are grown by more than 100 enterprises. The wine industry of the region is represented by 25 enterprises that are able to process almost 300 thousand tons per season. The assortment of Crimean grapes is represented by 111 varieties, including 71 technical and 40 table varieties. The most common technical varieties: Rkatsiteli, Cabernet Sauvignon, Aligote, Riesling, Bastardo Magarachsky, Kokur white.