Location: Russian Federation, Southern Federal District, Republic of Crimea.
Area – 1212 square meters km (4.6% of the total territory of the republic).
Population – 44.9 thousand people.
Distance from the city of Simferopol – 95 km.
Administrative center – Nizhnegorsky urban-type settlement.
Nizhnegorsky district is located in the ecologically clean zone of the Prisivash Steppe in the Northeastern part of the Republic of Crimea and is bordered in the North with Dzhankoy district, in the South with Krasnogvardeisky district, in the East with Belogorsk district, and in the South-west with Sovetskiy district. The territory of Nizhnegorsky district is located on the plain, in the steppe part of the Crimea. The western part of the territory is located in the ancient valley and the deltas of the Salgira and Biyuk Karasu rivers. The valley is a flat plain, gradually decreasing in the North and Northeast direction.
Nizhnegorie is one of the richest regions of the Crimea for water resources. The surface water resources in the district include the main rivers with a total length of 122.8 km (Biyuk – Karasu, Kuchuk-Karasu, Sujilka, Salgir).
In total, there are 58 settlements in the district: the urban-type settlement Nizhnegorsky and 57 villages. Dzhankoy-Kerch railway passes through the village of Nizhnegorsky. The railway station "Nizhnegorskaya" has three loading and unloading dead ends and five railway access roads. The operational length of railway tracks is 31.7 km; public roads − 390.2 km.
The leading industry of the district is agriculture.
The main areas of production activity are growing crops, horticulture, and animal husbandry. Most of the area is occupied by agricultural land, which accounts for 73.3% (88.9 thousand hectares) of the total area of the district. Arable lands prevail within the agrolandscapes − 76.8 thousand ha, hayfields and pastures − 9.0 thousand ha. The presence of natural pastures is favorable for the development of sheep breeding.
Investment in agriculture
The agricultural sector employs 232 business entities, including 40 peasant farms, 23 agricultural enterprises, and 169 individual entrepreneurs. Leading enterprises of agriculture, JSC «Pobeda», JSC «Vesna», peasant farms: «Yabloko», «Agrarnoe».
Nizhnegorsky district is among the five leaders in the area of cultivation of garden crops in the Crimea. The area of perennial plantations (gardens and vineyards) is 3.1 thousand ha. Peaches, cherries, apples, apricots and pears are grown in the gardens of the region.
Large agricultural enterprises: JSC «Pobeda» − fruit crops, grain and technical crops, State Farm JSC «Vesna» − fruit crops, grapes, grain and technical crops, «Yug-rice» LLC − grain and technical crops, peasant farms: «Flora» and «Yabloko» − grain and industrial crops, livestock.
The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Crimea signed an agreement with «Gardens of «Chernomoriya» LLC in 2017. On the implementation of the investment project «Intensive apple orchards», (Agreement № 208 dated 19.12.2017, the term of the agreement until 31.12.2066). The investment volume is 60.0 million RUB. It will be created 66 jobs. In addition, it was signed an agreement with «Mikhailovsky meat processing plant» LLC. On the implementation of the investment project «Construction of a meat processing plant» (Agreement № 277 dated 23.09.2019). The investment volume is 60.0 million RUB. It will be created 56 jobs.
Investment in industry
The industry of the district is represented by 3 enterprises: «Nizhnegorsky cannery» LLC (production of fruit and vegetable juices, fruit purees, tomato paste, jam and other preservation); «KrymEkolayf» LLC (production of drinking water); «Nizhnefarm» LLC (production of the drug «Septol»).
Enterprises with an export potential in Nizhnegorsky district: «Sovkhoz-Vesna» JSC (fruit crops, grapes), «Pobeda» JSC (fruit crops), peasant farm «Agrarnoe» (grape), «Nizhnegorsky cannery» LLC (natural juices).
The most significant monument of history and architecture in Nizhnegorsky district is the Shatilov manor complex (the village of Tsvetushchee, Nizhnegorsky district). Manor Shatilov − an ensemble of buildings that were built in the middle of the XIX century. Its first owner was a member of the Imperial Moscow Society of Agriculture, State Councilor Iosif Shatilov (1824–1889). Part of a single architectural ensemble − the estate Shatilov is a font with a chapel and a bell tower, built on the eve of one of the great Orthodox holidays − the Baptism of the Lord. The font created in Nizhnegorsky district is not only a part of the Orthodox culture, but also includes the use of hydrogen sulfide water, which has healing properties.
In the neighboring village Izobilny there is another masterpiece of architecture of the second half of the XIX century − Vvedensky Castle. Near the Vvedensky Castle, it was installed memorial stele to the Russian commander Field Marshal Peter Lassi (1737) in the steppes.
The natural resources of the region are investment and attractive in terms of the organization of medical recreation and tourism
Nizhnegorsky district is one of the most environmentally safe in the Crimea. On the territory of the district, there is a lake Sivash, or the Rotten Sea. It separates from the Sea of Azov by a low and narrow sand-shell spit, it names as Arabatskaya spit. Bitter and salt water of Siwash contains sodium, potassium and magnesium chloride, magnesium bromide, magnesium sulfate, and other salts. The bottom of Sivash is covered with a layer of silt, which has healing properties (similar to the Saki mud). The lake Sivash is a wonderful sightseeing facility. It is especially interesting to visit these places at the end of summer, when Dunaliella Salina water plant begins to bloom in Sivash’s brine. The lake takes on various shades of red − from crimson to brown as Dunaliella Salina produces a large amount of beta-carotene.
Nizhnegorsky district has a great investment attractiveness in the field of construction of facilities for children's recreation camps and recreation centers using therapeutic mud and brine of the Sivash lake. There are all opportunities for sports and amateur hunting (the presence of hunting grounds with a total area of 86.5 thousand ha). The wind conditions in the Sivash water area make ideal conditions for water-recreational activities and sports tourism, such as windsurfing and kitesurfing.
In Mikhailovka village, it operates equestrian farm, on the basis of which they are held the equestrian competitions.
Large investment project
2 investment projects in the field of agriculture are being implemented in Nizhnegorsky district:
- construction of a meat processing plant, total investment is RUB 60 million, 56 jobs are being created;
- intensive apple orchards are being implemented on the territory of more than 92 ha, the total investment volume is RUB 60 million, 66 jobs are being created.
Projects implemented within the framework of the Free Economic Zone (FEZ) in Nizhnegorsky district of the Republic of Crimea
Preferences and simplified conditions for obtaining the status of a FEZ participant made it possible to implement 10 investment projects on the territory of Nizhnegorsky district municipality, the capital investment volume for RUB 415.7 million and the creation of about 600 jobs is provided. The largest projects are:
- construction of a plant for the production of vegetable oil in the Crimea, the total investment volume is RUB 255 million, 141 jobs are being created;
- Cultivation of apples, peaches, plums, cherries and grapes, the total investment volume is RUB 64.5 million, 300 seasonal jobs are being created.
Investment in fixed capital for Nizhnegorsky district of the Republic of Crimea
Investment in fixed assets in 2020 amounted to 469.8 million RUB.
Based on 1 person investment amounted to − 10.7 thousand RUB.
Investment in gas supply
For 2022, it is planned to supply gas to the villages of Akimovsky direction of Nizhnegorsky district of the Republic of Crimea (high-pressure gas pipeline, hydraulic fracturing (108 km long) the investment volume is RUB 1.1 billion, the construction of 63.8 km of gas supply networks to the villages of Novogrigoryevka, Vladislavovka, Korennoye, Burevestnik, Sadovoye, the total investment is RUB 602.5 million.
Investment in education
In 2021, it is planned to put into operation a municipal budget preschool educational institution for 100 places in the village of Zhemchuzhina of Nizhnegorsky district of the Republic of Crimea. The investment volume is RUB 229 million.
In addition, the reconstruction of Nizhnegorsky kindergarten "Topolek" is planned for 2021-2023, the investment volume is RUB 157.3 million.